Monday, June 29, 2020
Bullying among Registered Nurses in Workplace (Term Paper Sample) Content: Bullying Among Registered Nurses in the WorkplaceNameAffiliated Institution Bullying Among Registered Nurses in the WorkplaceProblem Description Health care professionals have reported increasing g number of cases related to either bullying or lateral violence. Among registered nurses, cases of bullying are rampant resulting in a negative impact among colleagues, employers, and patient outcome. It has become cumbersome to retain nurses in a health facility despite the quality of staff due to bullying. Bullying is a vice that should be discouraged in socialization within the nursing profession relationship. It is advisable for all organizations and stakeholders in the health care to execute the policy of zero tolerance to bullying. The guidelines, professional codes of conduct, or behavioral interventions should be instituted in order to assist in solving disruptive behaviors such as bullying (American Nurses Association, 2001). The aim of this paper is to identify, de scribe bullying as it is amenable to nursing intervention, and establish reasons calling for change in nursing practice. Bullying is an abusive offense that is malicious, intimidating, or insulting behavior. It is related to abuse of power or position by a group or an individual. The victims feel humiliated, upset, vulnerable or threatened. The target populations are registered nurses, employers, and patients because they all suffer the consequences of bullying. The change will be planned to take care of the stakeholders in a health organization such as a hospital. Registered nurses who suffer from bullying, experience stress when their self confidence is undermined. In most cases, higher authority such as supervisors, medical superintendent, or senior colleagues, bully staff nurse in a persistent, ongoing, and systemic manner. These staff nurses cannot render services efficiently and effectively because the work under stress, fear, and intimidation. Patients suffer because they rec eive low quality services resulting in a poor patient outcome. The employer cannot retain staff despite their quality of work (Center for American Nurses, 2007). Bullied nurses request for transfers or they change profession to areas they feel comfortable. The target population in the evidence based plan will cover the registered nurses, employers, and patients. The setting for the plan will be within a health care organization. A hospital will be the appropriate place because brings together stakeholders; employer, registered nurses, and patients. The plan will aim at eliminating bullying, a disruptive behavior, in the setting of a hospital. Bullying causes emotional exhaustion among the registered nurses in the workplace. Nurses in a hospital where bullying practiced by either senior colleagues or higher authority are less likely to perform in their work (Lowenstein, March 03, 2013). In the circumstances, they make errors in medication; provide unsafe patient care leading to adver se patient outcomes. Nursing authorities, as the main advocates for nurses communications, comprehend the impact of bullying and disruptive behavior to either positive working relationship or environment for the retention and recruitment of registered nurses. Bullying is a behavior, which is not tolerated nursing profession. Early evidence based studies have established that several avenues exist to curb the vice of bullying. Organizations work hard to decrease the rate of negative behaviors such as bullying. It is unique to find evidence that some nurses with forms of therapeutic education and effective communication experience had a much lower rate of bullying. Their intensity when bullying occurs is minimal, therefore suggesting that therapeutic education and effective communication can minimize the bullying rate in hospitals (Rocker, August 29, 2008). The data will contribute information specific to facilities; indispensable in planning for an intervention strategy to develop effective communication skills, reinforce a culture of collaboration, and reduce bullying behaviors, which have significant influence in the retention and recruitment of nurses. A high incidence rate of bullying in the workplace has been reported in various health care organizations. This has been substantiated by several evidence based studies in different hospitals. It was observed that bullying among registered nurses in the workplace such as a health facility resulted in low quality services and poorer outcomes. The outcome affected nurses at personal levels, in addition to, impacting negatively on employers and patients who are the main stakeholders in a health care system (Schroder, 2013). Bullied nurses have complained of being uncomfortable at the workplace due to intimidation experienced.Identification of Clinical GuidelineThe plan will use the CENTER for American Nurses clinical guideline recommendations to address the problem of bullying among registered nurses. The guide line has strategic avenues to eliminate bullying. It is organized to target nurses, healthcare organizations and employers, continuing education, research, and policy making. It recommends the nursing fraternity to adopt professional models that will ensure ethical behaviors (American Nurses Association, 2001). They are supposed to recognize and address bullying, reflect and correct both the behavior and communication, participate in preventing abuse, and work towards achieving the vision, mission and values in the workplace.The guideline expects health organizations and employers to implement the policy of zero tolerance against bullying through the provision of sufficient and effective safeguards to the accused registered nurses (American Association of Critical-Care Nurses, 2004). The employers are required to develop effective communication and encourage registered nurses and other professionals to embrace respect for colleagues. They are expected to promote a culture ensuring s afety of registered nurses, supporting victims of bullying, and providing both counseling and education for perpetrators and victims of lateral violence such as bullying. The guideline proposes programs for continuous education among registered nurses in order to disseminate crucial information. Education will address the problem of bullying, develop strategies on how to curb it, and evaluate the effectiveness of interventions against bullying. The guideline recommends research on registered nurses to establish the factors contributing to the perpetuation of disruptive behaviors. Nursing research will develop previous studies, explore and come up with innovative strategies to the problem, in addition to, assessing the impact of the existing interventions (American Nurses Association, 2001). The guideline advocates for nursing policy, which apart from instituting regulations, standards of service, code of conduct, and legislation, the policy will ensure the safety of all registered n urses in delivering services to patients. The policies will increase nurses participation in legislatives to address bullying. The operational definition of the guideline intervention will constitute the determination of patient outcome, conditions of registered nurses, and success of organizations and employers in both retention and recruitment of registered nurses as compared to the time prior to the intervention. The expected results of intervention with this guideline include; improved patient outcome, comfortable working environment for registered nurses, and success in recruiting and retaining registered nurses by healthcare organizations and employers (Center for American Nurses, 2007). The research evidence supports the intervention because it improves the situation for all stakeholders; registered nurses, patients, employers and healthcare organizations in general. The benefits of implementing the guideline are better than the current situation. It is the interest of the he althcare system to ensure efficient working conditions for excellent patient outcome. The guideline will ensure improved patient outcome, registered nurses operate in a good workplace, and healthcare organizations and employer recruit and retain registered nurses.Research Evidence In a study by Schroder (2013), he explored bullying among registered nurses and its effect on nurses retention, emotions, operational cost, and patient care. The research used questionnaires to survey behaviors of 102 registered nurses in North Carolina regional hospital. The study found that bullied nurses wanted to leave the facility and that nurses with communication skills perceived bullying less often. The study was significant because it suggested that bullying make it difficult to retain nurses, and communication skills can reduce the effects of bullying. In an empirical research by Lowenstein (2013), he reviewed recent studies to investigate the impact of bullying in the workplace. The systemic stu dy found that bullies discredit the nursing profession; resulting in a negative impact of quality of care, organization, and retention of nurses. The study is significant because it recommended policies of zero tolerance to bullying. In a study by Rocker (2008), the consequences of bullying in the workplace were explored in order to raise awareness. The systemic study investigated the impact of bullying among victims and highlighted the steps against the vice. It found that bullying resulted in nurses shortage, silent suffering, and reduced productivity. The legal response supported victims and instituted strategic response to prevent bullying amon...
Friday, May 22, 2020
War is inevitable because of opposing views and conflicting opinions. During these hard times, women, although rarely recognized, played a big part in the success of our country. They made their mark during World War Two when they took over the jobs of men and proved they are just as efficient in the workplace. There has been a dramatic change since then. Women have found their identity through these hardships; which in return, has set the pace for the years to come and narrowed the gap of the social norm of women in the work place. In present day, upon the completion of high school, most middle class females plan on heading to college. College, which usually consists of: bunking with a high school friend, moving a short distance fromÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Little did they know their great granddaughters had such different dreams after completion of highschool. Women have since grown into themselves and part of it was because they had to, they had that push from something commonly known as war. War, a word that often describes the aftermath of a disagreement tends to often become a topic of conversation amongst Americans today. Since the founding of our fathers we have faced ample amounts of conflict. Justice amongst these circumstances is not easy to reach, sacrifices had been made and will continue to until the conclusion is met. While their loved ones are away, the families of the fighting soldiers face daily obstacles. These sacrifices often become overlooked and taken for granted. Women have always played an important role in the success of family life and the well being of our country under these circumstances; through the years, these tasks have ranged from work on the assembly lines to performing seamstress duties for a soldierÃ¢â¬â¢s uniform. Without this unwarranted support, weÃ¢â¬â¢d be at a loss during these disheartening times. During the Revolutionary War women made their mark; especially, Betsy Ross who created the American Flag, this creation was said to be one of the greatest achievements of the Revolutionary era. Women of this time played an important role in the rebuttal of Great BritainÃ¢â¬â¢s high taxes; they made their own clothes and were very willing to alter their patterns of consumption toShow MoreRelatedThe Wage Gap Of The 1963 Pay Equity Act, And Making A Facebook884 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesOhio reported employment gains from March 2014 to March 2015. While employment is thankfully rising, the wage gap isnÃ¢â¬â¢t budging. Gender wage gap in Ohio has been consistently 22 cents less than a dollar for a while now. The Pay Equity Act was passed in 1963 and we have barely budged since. The act hasnÃ¢â¬â¢t been updated since it was passed, in 1963. With the cost of living and needs higher now, women deserve to be getting the same amount of money as men do. It is very traditional to think of wo men asRead MoreGender Equality And The Pay Gap895 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages The gender pay gap has always been an issue concerning the work force and those apart of it. Men have always made more money than women no matter the occupation, and pay discrimination needs to be stopped. It s even been documented that women are more active and educated in labor force but still receive 78 cents for every dollar a man makes. The pay gap is affecting all women and impacting those of all races, ethnic groups, ages, education levels, and is a problem in every state. A change needsRead MoreThe Issue Of Workplace Inequality1255 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThere are many origins to the issue of workplace inequality. Across the world, women are getting paid less and less. The gender wage gap now stands at an average of 22 cents between genders. It is common knowledge that women were often not allowed to work in the past, and if they did they didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have the best jobs. With women increasing their education and work experience, it shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t still be an issue. On avera ge, a woman who goes to the same college, gets the same job, and has the same amountRead MoreEssay on Gender Inequality in Medical School1718 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesalso many stereotypes about genders. For example, women are weaker than men or women like to cook more than men or they are better caretakers. This discussion addresses major controversial stereotypes within medical schools and health institutions across America. For centuries women have faced the challenge of gender inequality within their medical education and profession. Different medical fields in schools, practices and institutions have different types of gender issues. For example, males areRead MoreBenefits Of A College Education1648 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesA college education is proven to increase an individual s earnings, however, womenÃ¢â¬â¢s earnings are still not as much as menÃ¢â¬â¢s, even when they have the same degree (Patten, 2015). The county is seeing this gap start to close over time, however, research shows that women are far more likely than men to leave their occupations, either temporarily or even permanently, to take care of their children (Patten, 2015). Roughly four-in-ten mothers say they have taken a significant amount of time off fromRead MoreGender Inequality : A Social Problem1728 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesto be and where its future lies. The best explanation on why gender inequality is, always has been, and will continue to be a social problem is from the functionalist perspective. Functionalist focus on how a society creates the social problem and then analyzes how and why the social issue has been maintained over the years. The objective reality is that gender inequality has and always will be a major issue in society. The scope of gender inequality has changed drastically over the years, but thereRead MoreGender Wage Gap And Gender Inequality855 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages In general, the wage gap has narrowed at a slow, and uneven, pace over last three decades. Recent data shows that women in the American workforce earn 77 cents for every dollar a man earns (Trevino). The existence of this Ã¢â¬Å"gender wage gapÃ¢â¬ has been an issue since women entered the workforce. The ongoing issue of the past has now become an apparent problem in our modern-day, progressive society. Women nowadays have opportunities that were not obtainable in past decades but must overcome, or ignoreRead MoreEqual Wage Essay1046 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesadministration of equal pay laws (Fisher). It has been estimated that at this current slow rate of progression in closing the gender pay gap it will be 2068 by the time men and womenÃ¢â¬â¢s wages are equalized. It is clear that the business case, as well as the legislative case, has a significant role to play (Commission Policy Report). There are some factors which stop or slow equal pay for genders. These are behavioral factors, corporate culture and policies, human resource practices and social and environmentalRead MoreThe Fight For Gender Equality1282 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe fight for gender equality in the workplace has been ongoing for fifty years. Women have been looked to as inferior in the workplace in the United States for the better part of a decade. While they have made tremendous strides in getting equalization, ladies are still cheated out of the money that men are receiving for the same career. The gender wage gap is real and it grows over workerÃ¢â¬â¢s careers. Though it used to be a gap because of education between the genders, the education gap has been switchedRead MoreEqual Pay Act Of 19631382 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesreceiving less pay than males in the workforce is known as the Gender Wage Gap. Equal Pay Act of 1963 The wage gap has been a problem in the workplace for a long time now, but we are seeing constant progress. In 1963, the Equal Pay Act was signed into place, this law was passed to try and abolish any type of wage disparity based on gender. This law has made a difference in our country with closing the wage gap. The problem remains that the wage gap continues to close at very slow rate. In 1963, women earned
Saturday, May 9, 2020
Reported Hype on Research Proposal Services Discovered The Upside to Research Proposal Services Employers are ready to find that that you have formerly worked on something very similar to their undertaking. Proposals must create loyal clients. It's open for consultations before proposals are accepted and finalized. The New Fuss About Research Proposal Services Fortunately, there are Service Proposal Forms which can help them with that. Proposal template assists to make excellent proposals for a company. It do not need to be long. Proposals are used by virtually every expert customer supplier. There are lots of things you should cover in your proposal letter. EvenA free proposal templatesA are believed to be efficient. All you will need is to select the one you like and click download button of your treasured free proposal template. An individual can also request a list of the past. Many businesses will use an RFP template to provide prospective suppliers details of what it is that they are searching for in a bid. In case the proposal is extremely complicated, the customer will probably disregard it. Bear in mind that you could use the very same methodology for a great many business proposal letters including marketing proposal letters. The expert service proposal template features the technical proposal which is made up of all the info in a thorough manner. Want to Know More About Research Proposal Services? If you order a custom made research proposal, it's understandable that you might have many questions regarding the procedure. Make certain you provide complete info but in a concise way. It is possible to use various effective statistical data tools to be in a position to weave a story out of your data. With Intellects Linkup's research paper writing services you are able to acquire expert guidance on how best to frame your methodologies based on th e predetermined structure and format. Proposals ought to be customized and they ought to outline the customer's problems and then what type of solutions you are able to provide. With the growth of electronic proposals, it's an easy procedure to insert a hyperlink. What Does Research Proposal Services Mean? The writing of a disclaimer can be a hard task for a person who has never written one before, therefore I will supply you with a succinct guide which you will use and follow. You should be professional proposal when expressing your ideas even if you believe it would assist the firm. A legal statement is something which you might need to speak to a lawyer about. Whenever you want to request sponsorship for your organization, the letter ought to be highlighting the wise goals of the projects, its challenges and the opportunities which make it perfect for funding. The Research Proposal Services Chronicles You want to prove that you have completed the necessary research on the service asked and that you understand what is needed by the customer. Your university will subsequently pinpoint one particular topic. Each one knows it's a tedious job but not an impossible the community. The proposal ought to be well constructed so that it might grab the interest of the customer. In addition, there are various examples given to you in it, with the assistance of which you can readily draft the service proposal all on your own. To provide an information concerning the type of goods and services which are going to be offered The success of such proposals lies in proper communication. There are many varieties of services, like a big company performing customer service to earn as much as they can, or volunteers who would like to do community work to enhance their locality. Then there are a number of men and women who would like to propose a specific service they believe will benefit everyone, while at the exact same time earn them some revenue. It ought to be convincing as you are selling your services and you aren't alone in the competition.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Homosexuality in ancient Greece and Rome Americans endlessly recycle the old conflicts: first we fought about slavery, then segregation, then gender, and now sexual orientation-(Anon). Homosexuality is an on-going conflict in America, as well as other countries. The history of homosexuality goes back to the ancient civilizations. As we have different ideas and ways of dealing with it, so did the ancient civilizations of Greece and Rome. Ancient Greece is considered as being the most accepting of homosexuality. The belief that the human body was worthy of respect and admiration is one of the reasons that homosexuality was tolerated and often accepted in society. They did not see it as an evil thing becauseÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Homosexual conduct between a teacher and a student was considered a valuable part of the education process. Since the children were taken care of mostly by the government, it was important to establish a lasting relationship with someone that would teach you how to become a young m an. The military supported homosexuality, as they thought that one would fight harder to protect his unit if he had a lover or multiple lovers in the same unit. It was also believed to bring about a sense of comradeship. Similarly, the Greek attitude toward sex was, for the most part, value-neutral... And though exclusive homosexuality was probably discouraged as a threat to the family, it was widely tolerated both for older men who had children and for younger men prior to marriage.-(Blumenfeld and Raymond 1988. 155) Yet, as time went on, people who performed homosexual acts were considered polluted and to have become like women, and were therefore expelled from the military. The Greeks had double standards. Even though they recognized passion and attraction towards the same sex, those who were not attracted to women were not tolerated. Therefore, if a man was homosexual, he had to already have a wife and children. These double standards came from the fact that the society had to r eproduce in order to survive. Homosexuality was only tolerated if both of the men have already established a family and met their obligations to reproduce. Social status was alsoShow MoreRelatedIb Latin Internal Assessment875 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageshomosexual stigma always prevalent in history? Over two thousand years ago, the ancient Roman state ruled most of the known world. During those five hundred years, emperors rose to power and fell, a republic formed and was destroyed but what perhaps is one the most important aspects of Roman society is free love. Homosexuality was not considered different nor was it considered an atrocity in the common roman man. In Rome, there was no special attention given to homosexuals or heterosexuals for thatRead MoreHistorical and Scientific Perspectives on Homosexuality907 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHistorical and scientific perspectives on homosexuality In contemporary Western culture, choices about romantic love and sexuality are a critical aspect of individual self-definition. Whether someone is homosexual or heterosexual is thus also considered to be a crucial aspect of who he or she is as a human being. In previous eras, where individuals were married young, and entered into arranged marriages, this was not the case. Although people had same-sex desire, this desire was enjoyed outsideRead MoreMarriage: A Right For All Essay2378 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesfollow Ã¢â¬Å"Gender NormsÃ¢â¬ and growing to be better rounded emotionally. Aside from concerned people over childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s wellbeing, religious groups from across the world have also proposed questions and warnings regarding homosexuality. Religious lead groups have brought charges against homosexuality, not in whether homosexuals should have marriage rights or parental rights, but the right to exist at all. Following religious edicts instead of scientific facts or studies, many Christian groups refute evidenceRead MoreEssay about Homosexuality Is a Mental Illness 1922 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesHomosexuality Is a Mental Illness The history of gay or same sex marriages has been long in the whole world. Most of the western societies in the early time tolerated it. Astonishingly, they went to an extent of celebrating the same sex relationships and marriages. In ancient Rome, there are evidences of the same sex marriages but their proof is not clear. Same sex marriages can also be traced in medieval Europe and also the ancient Greece. There are also some other proofs of gay marriagesRead MoreSexual Identity1409 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesmy opinions of numerous opinions. For example, in Ancient Greece was common and acceptable for men to have sexual relationships with adolescent boys. Homosexuality was more acceptable, and the historic perspective encouraged homosexuals to practice freely. This historical perspective has been a motivator to homosexuals to actually come out and admit they are gay. I believe if homosexuals referred only to the historical perspective of Ancient Greece, then adjusting to the homosexual way of life wouldRead MoreThe Roman Empire: What Went Wrong?1253 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCLSC 300I The Roman Empire: What went wrong? Rome was founded as a small farming town in 753 BC. It grew to a vast empire that enveloped the whole Mediterranean Sea. It spanned from the western shores of what is now Portugal, to as far as the modern day Persian Gulf to the east. It remained as the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s largest and most powerful empire in the ancient world for about 1100 years. But by 476 AD, the stress of war and the multiple sackings of Rome proved too much for the once mighty empire. ThereRead MoreClassical Greek Period The Anactoria Poem Analysis1489 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageswillingly left her husband, child, parents, and home for what she thought was beautiful- another man. It interests me because I always believed that Helen of Troy was kidnapped. Historical Context B1. The Classical Period of Greece lasted from 480 BCE to 323 BCE. (History of Greece, 2017). The first democracy, where people ruled the people was already established and flourishing at the time. (The Classical Tradition, 2017) The Classical Period began approximately at the start of Persian Wars and endingRead MoreTwo Sides Of The Same Coin. The Struggle Of Old World Blues.1143 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesof history somewhere around no matter how insignificant. In feudal Japan as well as ancient Rome and Greece homosexuality was more open same with transgender. In many plays, they had all male cast members even having males play female role even if there was a love scene with sex, they would commit to the scene. It is known that in ancient Rome the slaves were treated as family and even for some lovers, for Greece some philosophers had relations with their students and in japan samurai would engageRead MoreSexual Orientation3686 Words Ã |Ã 15 PagesIntroduction Homosexuality is defined or characterized as attraction towards the same gender either male or female. It came from the Greek language, where Ã¢â¬Å"homoÃ¢â¬ means the same or similar, hence referring to the attraction between two beings of the same sex. Homosexuality is also referred as a clinical term. Most male homosexuals generally prefer to be called gay men and most homosexual women generally prefer to be called lesbians. Homosexuality is one of the three main categories of sexualRead MoreThe Perception of Human Sexuality throughout History1030 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesliterature, social norms, and laws. Unlike twenty-first century America, ancient Greece viewed human sexuality depending on the personÃ¢â¬â¢s control on their sexual impulses. Bisexuality was very accepted and the most widespread same Ã¢â¬â sex relation was between an adult man and a pubescent boy. This relationship was usually just for sexual pleasure, than an actual emotional committed relationship. Like mentioned before ancient Greeks did not believe in sexual orientation rather, it depended whether the
Mammograms are now being performed at 35, 40, and then every year after a woman reaches the age of 50. All of these precautions have led to the drop in death rates of these cancers, that were once deadly killers. Another Important advancement in public health in the last century was motor vehicle safety. We will write a custom essay sample on Advances in Public Health Care in the Last Century or any similar topic only for you Order Now The CDC states that motor vehicle accidents are among the 10 leading causes of death among citizens of all ages and the leading cause of death among people ages 5-34. In terms of death of people under the age of 65 motor vehicle accidents came second only to heart disease and cancer. The CDC also states that although the rate of travel went up 8. 5% across the nation, the death rate decreased from 14. 9 per 100,000 population to 1 1. 0 per 100,000. The Injury rate declined from 1,130-722. Motor vehicle accidents are Incredibly easy to prevent. As technology progressed cars became safer as well as the roads on which the cars were driven due to new laws being passed. For example as technology progressed It created more hazards. New laws are being created to prevent the Increase In accidents from hand held phone use, and testing and driving. Also new laws have state that stables must be worn by article on the Pump Handle from 2011 that another reason there was a decrease in death rates was because of the laws regarding teens and graduated drivers accessing, and car-seat restrictions and laws. (Brickwork, 2011). Although these decreases were incredible, as technology progresses law makers and car production companies will have to stay on top of safety concerns and hazardous conditions. One of the biggest advances made for families in the public health department was the prevention of childhood lead poisoning. Almost every home built before 1978 was constructed using lead paint. Lead paint affects mostly children under the age of 7, because their bodies and brains are still developing and sensitive to even the mallets amounts of lead. Lead can cause a multitude of injuries in young children; including. These include learning disabilities, brain damage (sometimes subtle) loss of intellect, academic failure, neurophysiology deficits, ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder), hyperactive behavior, antisocial (criminal) behavior, neurological problems, encephalopathy (brain swelling), major organ failure, coma, and even death. All these problems occur through an accumulation of lead, from the paint being ingested by infants, toddlers and children. This problem mainly occurs in low income families vying in poorly maintained housing and in poverty. This occurs because the paint in the homes was not updated since the assÃ¢â¬â¢s when lead based paint was legal. In the early assÃ¢â¬â¢s only 5 states had laws regarding lead poisoning prevention. By 2010, 23 of the 50 states had laws about the paint, as well as federal laws protecting against lead paint poisoning. Most of the laws including the ones in Maryland, state that before a home, apartment building or residence can be sold or rented to a family or individual, it must be inspected for lead paint. If lead paint is present in the accidence, it must be sanded off, and then repainted with a safe and nontoxic paint. Although most people donÃ¢â¬â¢t consider occupational safety as a Ã¢â¬Å"health concernÃ¢â¬ the CDC had occupational safety improvements one of their top 10 advances in public health for the last century. For example, out of the 1. Million injuries in health care workers in back problems. This is caused from the lifting of patients in nursing homes, hospitals, and residential care. The CDC stated in its article Ã¢â¬Å"Following widespread dissemination and adoption of [a best practices patient-handling aerogram that includes the use of mechanical patient-lifting equipment] by the nursing home industry, Bureau of Labor Statistics data showed a 35% decline in low back injuries in residential and nursing care employees between 2003 and 2009Ã¢â¬ . CDC, 2011) Not only does this practice prevent workers from being injured but also helps prevent injuries to patients from being mishandled by health care providers. Another main achievement in the last century was the advance in vaccines and their prevention of diseases. New vaccines such as retrovirus, pneumatically conjugate, trivalent macroeconomic conjugate, herpes sister, and human voluptuaries (HP) vaccines along with the tetanus, diphtheria, and cellular pressures (for teens and young adults) have been created to help with the spread of diseases. The HP vaccine was a major advancement since HP had become one of the most widely spread StudÃ¢â¬â¢s in the nation. The vaccine is important because there is no way of knowing if the virus is present unless warts are present, and no way of testing for it on males or females, unless the warts themselves are visible. Also the cancerous is detected through a routine pap smear. Many teens and young adults practice unsafe sex leaving themselves susceptible to multiple StudÃ¢â¬â¢s along with the silent one known as HP. Most young men and women are encouraged to get the leading HP vaccine Guardrail. The pneumatically conjugate vaccine was a major advancement for those with instrumentation diseases, infants, and the elderly. As people get older, or are diagnosed with instrumentation diseases such as Lupus or diagnosed with cancer, it makes it harder for their bodies to fight off infection and harder for them to recover. Whereas infants t not have built up a strong enough immune system to fight off such strong virus, leading to hospitalizing or complications. The CDC states in their report, Ã¢â¬Å"Following the introduction of pneumatically conjugate vaccine, an estimated 211,000 serious pneumatically infections and 13,000 deaths were prevented during 2000-?2008Ã¢â¬ (CDC, 2011). Their report talks about advances in older vaccines, such as Hepatitis A, B and Variable, which caused these diseases to be at record low by the end of the decade. In addition age specific mortality from variable of people under the age of 20 declined by 97% from 0. 65 before the vaccine to 0. 02 during 2005-2007. These vaccines are not only important for those having risk factors of a higher mortality rate from the viruses but, also for their close family and friends who may be carrying a dormant disease and pass it on without knowing. The PAPA founded in 1872, is one of the oldest and most diverse organizations of public health in the world. Its primary goal is to protect all Americans and their communities from serious preventable health threats. PAPA strives to assure community-based health promotion, disease prevention activities and preventative health services are universally accessible in the United States. How to cite Advances in Public Health Care in the Last Century, Papers
Beowulf And Grendel Essay The epic poem Beowulf tells of an evil, mysterious, and ravishing creature named Grendel. Although no precise concrete descriptions or visual references were given to me throughout the story, I was able to formulate my own personal opinion of what this horrifying beast may have looked like. The amoral, despised, and feared Grendel was a colossal, muscular beast capable of ripping any human man to shreds. His razor sharp teeth and pointy horns were ideal for tearing and gnawing unsuspecting inebriated men that slept through the night in Herot Hall. His muscular build, extensive thorny tail, and mammoth size were also key factors that struck fear in the hearts of anyone who had heard about or saw this vile creature. After a long and worrisome night, the awaking Hrothgar, king of the Danes, would more than likely be greeted with the remnants of Danish warriors that had spent their last night in glittering, golden towers of Herot Hall. Grendel, pleased with his midnight feeding, would have already retreated back to the moor under the misty hills from which the savage beast had come. Grendel lived with his mother in an cave under a mucky, sickening, horrifying swamp. As I have depicted in my drawing, the towering beast has awoken from his slumber and is preparing to step into the murky waters of the swamp to begin his perilous journey to the surface. Once he arrived at the top, the blood thirsty walker of darkness would again be on his way to indulging in more human flesh. This gruesome immoral act took place for more than 12 long years, until ultimately one night Grendel encountered his inevitable fate when he was confronted by the eminent warrior Beowulf!